British and French prime ministers Neville Chamberlain and Edouard Daladier sign the Munich Pact with Nazi leader Adolf Hitler. The agreement averted the outbreak of war but gave Czechoslovakia away to German conquest.
In the spring of 1938, Hitler began openly to aid the demands of German-speakers surviving in the Sudeten section of Czechoslovakia for closer ties with Germany. Hitler had lately annexed Austria into Germany, and the conquest of Czechoslovakia was the next phase in his program of generating a “greater Germany.” The Czechoslovak government hoped that Britain and France would arrived at its assist in the function of German invasion, but British Prime Minister Chamberlain was intent on averting war. He produced two trips to Germany in September and offered Hitler favorable agreements, however the Fuhrer kept upping his demands.
On September 22, Hitler demanded the moment cession of the Sudetenland to Germany and the evacuation of the Czechoslovak population by the final of the month. The following day, Czechoslovakia ordered troop mobilization. War seemed imminent, and France began a partial mobilization on September 24. Chamberlain and French Prime Minister Daladier, unprepared for the outbreak of hostilities, traveled to Munich, wherever they gave directly into Hitler’s demands on September 30.
Daladier abhorred the Munich Pact’s appeasement of the Nazis, but Chamberlain was elated and also stayed behind in Munich to sign a single-page document with Hitler he believed assured the continuing future of Anglo-German peace. Later that day, Chamberlain flew property to Britain, where he addressed a jubilant crowd in London and praised the Munich Pact for bringing “peace with honor” and “peace in our time.” The following day, Germany took over the Sudetenland, and the Czechoslovak government chose submission a lot more than destruction by the German Wehrmacht. In March 1939, Hitler took over the rest of Czechoslovakia, and the national country ceased to exist.
On September 1, 1939, 53 German army divisions invaded Poland despite British and French threats to intervene on the nation’s behalf. Two days later, Chamberlain solemnly needed a British declaration of war against Germany, and World War II began. After eight months of ineffectual wartime leadership, Chamberlain was replaced as prime minister by Winston Churchill.