At 6 a.m. with this day in 1778, Mohawk Indian chief and British Loyalist leader Joseph Brant leads a force of 150 Iroquois Indians and 300 British Loyalists under the command of Captain William Caldwell in a surprise attack on the region of German Flats, New York. German Flats, now named Herkimer, New York, was left practically undefended by Patriot troops before the raid.
The Indian and Loyalist raiders captured a huge selection of head of cattle and sheep ahead of setting fire to each home, barn and mill in German Flats. Despite the entire destruction of the city, like 63 homes, 57 barns, three gristmills and an individual sawmill, only 3 males have already been killed. The day before, 4 Patriot scouts had come across the Loyalists whilst on reconnaissance. Though only 1 particular, Adam Helmer, survived the encounter, he was able to run the nine miles back again to the village of German Flats to warn the residents. As a outcome, almost all the town’s women and men was competent to seek security in the area’s forts, Herkimer and Dayton, and survived the destruction of these town.
Joseph Brant ranked among Britain’s best commanders through the American War for Independence. He was an informed Christian and Freemason who studied directly with Eleazer Wheelock at Moor’s Indian Charity School, the parent institution of Dartmouth College. His older sister Mary was founding father Sir William Johnson’s common-law wife and played a considerable part in colonial and revolutionary Indian affairs. At the close of the war, the Brants and their Iroquois followers left the United States for Canada, where they identified land and safety making use of their British allies.