United Nations Secretary-General Dag Hammarskjold dies when his plane crashes under mysterious circumstances near Ndola in Northern Rhodesia (now Zambia). Hammarskjold was on his solution to speak to Moise Tshombe, leader of the breakaway Congolese province of Katanga, with the goal of negotiating an finish to the Congo crisis.
Dag Hammarskjold, the next secretary-general of the United Nations, was an influential force for peace through the duration of his seven years as head of the United Nations. He was the son of Hjalmar Hammarskjold, who had been the prime minister of Sweden from 1914 to 1917. Dag Hammarskjold worked being an economist and in 1930 joined the Swedish civil service as secretary of a government committee on unemployment. Beginning in 1936, he was permanent undersecretary in the Ministry of Finance. He joined Sweden’s foreign ministry in 1947 and in 1951 formally entered the cabinet as deputy foreign minister. The identical year, he traveled to the United Nations as vice chairman of the Swedish delegation and in 1952 was appointed acting U.N. chairman for Sweden.
Elected U.N. secretary-general on the recommendation of the Security Council on April 7, 1953, he led missions to China, the Middle East, and elsewhere to prepare peace settlements and start to become better knowledgeable about the United Nations’ member states. He played a important role in the resolution of the Suez Canal Crisis of 1956. In 1957, he was reelected secretary-basic unanimously.
During his second term, he initiated and directed the United Nations’ vigorous role in the Congolese Civil War, which broke out following Belgium granted independence to the Congo in June 1960. A U.N. force was provided for restore order, however it soon became entangled in the Cold War components of the conflict. In September 1960, the Soviet Union demanded Hammarskjold’s resignation following the United Nations gave tacit approval to the removal of Congo’s left-leaning prime minister, Patrice Lumumba. Despite the process to his authority, Hammarskjold remained secretary-common.
In 1961, the U.N. force in the Congo turned its consideration against Katanga, the wealthy Congolese province that had seceded in 1960 by using Belgium mining interests. The U.N. troops mounted an offensive against Katanga, fighting Katangalese troops and white mercenaries, and Katangalese leader Moise Tshombe escaped with some of his forces to Northern Rhodesia.
On the evening of September 18, 1961, Hammarskjold was flying to Ndola to generally meet with Tshombe to negotiate an finish to the bloodshed when his Swedish DC6 aircraft crashed one or two hours miles brief of its location. The secretary-general and 15 others have now been killed. Hammarskjold’s body was dumped of the wreckage and stumbled on rest in a sitting position beside a huge ant-hill. Many suspected that the plane have been shot down or exploded with a bomb, a theory that has been reinforced once the sole survivor of the crash, an American safety guard, spoke of hearing an explosion of the plane transpired ahead. In 1962, the Rhodesian Federal Inquiry Commission, which investigated the crash, figured the pilot flew low and struck trees also, bringing the aircraft to the floor thereby.
Dag Hammarskjold was posthumously awarded the 1961 Nobel Peace Prize. He was succeeded as U.N. secretary-general by U Thant of Myanmar.