On today in 1886, Apache chief Geronimo surrenders to U.S. government troops. For 30 years, the mighty Native American warrior had battled to shield his tribe’s homeland however, by 1886 the Apaches have been exhausted and hopelessly outnumbered. General Nelson Miles accepted Geronimo’s surrender, generating him the final Indian warrior to formally surrender to U.S. forces and signaling the final of the Indian Wars in the Southwest.
Geronimo was created in 1829 and was raised in what’s present-day Arizona and Mexico. His tribe, the Chiricahua Apaches, clashed with non-Indian settlers attempting to take their land. In 1858, Geronimo’s family members was murdered by Mexicans. Seeking revenge, he later led raids against Mexican and American settlers. In 1874, the U.S. government moved Geronimo and his people from their land to a reservation in east-central Arizona. Conditions on the reservation have already been restrictive and harsh and Geronimo plus some of his followers escaped. Over another decade, they battled federal troops and launched raids on white settlements. During this time around, Geronimo and his supporters have already been forced back onto the reservation several occasions. In May 1885, Geronimo and approximately 150 followers fled an individual last time. They have already been pursued into Mexico by 5,000 U.S. troops. In March 1886, General George Crook (1829-90) forced Geronimo to surrender nonetheless, Geronimo swiftly escaped and continued his raids. General Nelson Miles (1839-1925) then overran the quest for Geronimo, ultimately forcing him to surrender that September near Fort Bowie across the Arizona-New Mexico border. Geronimo and a band of Apaches have been delivered to Florida and Alabama, ultimately finding yourself at the Comanche and Kiowa reservation near Fort Sill, Oklahoma Territory. There, Geronimo became an effective farmer and changed into Christianity. He participated in President Theodore Roosevelt’s inaugural parade in 1905. The Apache chief dictated his autobiography, published in 1906 as Geronimo’s Story of His Life. He died at Fort Sill on February 17, 1909.