After months of campaigning against Battery Wagner on Morris Island in a protracted Union work to fully capture nearby Charleston, South Carolina, a Confederate garrison ultimately flees the island.
Union Rear Admiral Samuel du Pont was ordered to fully capture Charleston in January 1863. In April, he launched a naval attack via the mouth of Charleston Harbor however the nine-ship squadron faced heavy fire from the forts that protected the narrow channel, and his ships sustained several hits. Du Pont turned the ships about, and Rear Admiral John Dahlgren assumed command of your time and effort to fully capture Charleston.
Morris Island protected the southern rim of the harbor, and the Confederates constructed a enormous fortress of sand and timber on its beach referred to as Battery Wagner. In July, Dahlgren landed troops and created two major attacks on the fortress. In the next attack on July 18, the 54th Massachusetts, an African-American regiment led by Colonel Robert Gould Shaw, was repulsed with heavy losses, and Shaw was killed. The story of the attack later became the main topics the 1990 movie Glory.
Waiting until September 4 right before renewing his assault, Dahlgren launched an enormous bombardment and continued to pound the forts for just two days. By September 6, General Pierre G. T. Beauregard, commander of the Confederate defenses around Charleston, realized that the problem at Battery Wagner and nearby Battery Greg was hopeless. He ordered Morris Island and both forts evacuated, of your day and the work was full by the finish.
Although the Yankees captured Morris Island, Charleston was still beyond their grasp. The Confederates continued to guard the harbor and the town wherever the war began, until they ultimately evacuated the region in March 1865, days prior to the end of the war just.