On today in 1917, Austria-Hungary and Germany make separate replies to the proposal issued by Pope Benedict XV at the start of the sooner month calling for an quick armistice on the list of Allied and Central Powers in World War I.
Since being named to the papacy in early September 1914, Benedict have been a continuing advocate for peace. His idea for a simple Christmas truce have been dismissed by the leadership of the warring powers-though spontaneous breaks in fighting and celebrations of the vacation, initiated by the soldiers themselves, had the truth is occurred in a number of regions across the lines on Christmas Day 1914. Even following Italy entered the war on the Allied side, declaring war on Austria-Hungary in May 1915, the Vatican continued its efforts to advertise peace. In a seven-point peace proposal issued on August 1, 1917, and addressed to “the heads of the belligerent peoples,” Pope Benedict referred to as for the cessation of hostilities, basic reduced amount of armaments, freedom of the seas and international arbitration of any territorial concerns between the warring nations.
Unfortunately for Benedict, none of the belligerent nations were inclined to simply accept a peace across the relative lines he had suggested. In truth, Germany and the Allies each saw the Vatican as prejudiced toward another, and neither was at that time prepared to accept something significantly less than a complete victory significantly. According to 1 Allied leader, U.S. President Woodrow Wilson, German intransigence had produced peace across the lines suggested by the pope-a go back to the status quo, in Wilson’s eyes-utterly extremely hard. The object of the war, Wilson stated in his answer the Vatican on August 27, 1917, was now to “deliver the free peoples of the world from the menace and the actual power of a vast military establishment controlled by an irresponsible Government.”
The 1 exception to the normal rejection of the Papal Peace Note of August 1917 was Austria-Hungary, who issued its reply on September 21, concluding that: “Guided by a spirit of moderation and consideration, we see in the proposals of your Holiness a suitable basis for initiating negotiations with a view to preparing a peace, just to all and lasting, and we earnestly hope our present enemies may be animated by the same ideals.” That same day, nonetheless, Austria’s more strong ally, Germany, expressed its inability to simply accept peace dependent on Benedict’s terms. Even immediately after an armistice ended the war on November 11, 1918, the Vatican identified itself externally, as its requests to be integrated in the peace negotiations have been denied also it was excluded from the Paris Peace Conference at Versailles in 1919