On today in 1864, Union Army General William Tecumseh Sherman lays siege to Atlanta, Georgia, a essential Confederate hub, shelling civilians and cutting off provide lines. The Confederates retreated, destroying the city’s munitions because they went. On November 15 of this year, Sherman’s troops burned significantly of the town right before continuing their march through the South. Sherman’s Atlanta campaign was 1 of the very most decisive victories of the Civil War.
William Sherman, born May 8, 1820, in Lancaster, Ohio, attended West Point and served in the army before learning to be a banker and president of a military school in Louisiana. When the Civil War broke out in 1861 following 11 Southern slave states seceded from the Union, Sherman joined the Union Army and sooner or later commanded big amounts of troops, under General Ulysses S. Grant, at the battles of Shiloh (1862), Vicksburg (1863) and Chattanooga (1863). In the spring of 1864, Sherman became supreme commander of the armies in the West and was ordered by Grant to take the town of Atlanta, a key military provide center and railroad hub for the Confederates.
Sherman’s Atlanta campaign started on May 4, 1864, and in the 1st couple of months his troops engaged in several fierce battles with Confederate soldiers on the outskirts of the town, just like the Battle of Kennesaw Mountain, that your Union forces lost. However, on September 1, Sherman’s men effectively captured Atlanta and continued to guard it through mid-November against Confederate forces led by John Hood. Before he tripped on his well-known March to the Sea on November 15, Sherman ordered that Atlanta’s military resources, which include munitions factories, clothing mills and railway yards, be burned. The fire got out of manage and left Atlanta in ruins.
Sherman and 60,000 of his soldiers then headed toward Savannah, Georgia, destroying all things within their path which could assist the Confederates. They captured Savannah and completed their March to the Sea on December 23, 1864. The Civil War ended on April 9, 1865, once the Confederate commander in chief, Robert E. Lee, surrendered to Grant at Appomattox Courthouse, Virginia.
After the war, Sherman succeeded Grant as commander in chief of the U.S. Army, serving from 1869 to 1883. Sherman, who’s credited with the phrase “war is hell,” died February 14, 1891, in New York City. The city of Atlanta swiftly recovered from the war and became the administrative centre of Georgia in 1868, 1st on a short-term basis and permanently by popular vote in 1877.