The Warsaw Uprising ends with the surrender of the surviving Polish rebels to German forces.
Two months earlier, the approach of the Red Army to Warsaw prompted Polish resistance forces to launch a rebellion contrary to the Nazi occupation. The rebels, who supported the democratic Polish government-in-exile in London, hoped to get control of the town prior to the Soviets “liberated” it. The Poles feared that when they didn’t take the town the Soviet conquerors would forcibly create a pro-Soviet communist regime in Poland.
The poorly supplied Poles made early gains contrary to the Germans, but Nazi leader Adolf Hitler sent reinforcements. In brutal street fighting, the Poles were gradually overcome by superior German weaponry. Meanwhile, the Red Army occupied a suburb of Warsaw but made no efforts to assist the Polish rebels. The Soviets also rejected a request by the British to utilize Soviet air bases to airlift supplies to the beleaguered Poles.
After 63 days, the Poles-out of arms, supplies, food, and water-were forced to surrender. In the aftermath, the Nazis deported a lot of Warsaw’s population and destroyed the town. With protestors in Warsaw taken care of, the Soviets faced little organized opposition in establishing a communist government in Poland.