Historic World Events / October (page 5)

October

List historic world events in October

September, 2016

  • 16 September

    Japanese execute nearly 100 American prisoners on Wake Island

    Japanese execute nearly 100 American prisoners on Wake Island

    On this day in 1943, Rear Adm. Shigematsu Sakaibara, commander of the Japanese garrison on the island, orders the execution of 96 Americans POWs, claiming they were trying to make radio contact with U.S. forces. In late December 1941, the Japanese reinforced existing forces on Wake Island, part of a …

  • 16 September

    Viet Cong commandos raid U.S. airfields

    Viet Cong commandos raid U.S. airfields

    Viet Cong commandos damage and destroy a number of allied aircraft in two separate raids on U.S. air bases, including Chu Lai, on the coast of the South China Sea in Quang Tin Province, I Corps.

  • 15 September

    British and French troops land in Suez Canal zone

    British and French troops land in Suez Canal zone

    Two days after Israeli sent forces into Egypt initiating the Suez Crisis, British and French military forces join them in the canal zone to try to retake the canal. Originally, forces from the three countries were set to strike at once, intent on foiling Egypt’s plans to nationalize the canal, …

  • 15 September

    U.S. Embassy in Beirut hit by massive car bomb

    U.S. Embassy in Beirut hit by massive car bomb

    On this day, a suicide bomber drives a truck filled with 2,000 pounds of explosives into a U.S. Marine Corps barracks at the Beirut International Airport. The explosion killed 220 Marines, 18 sailors and three soldiers. A few minutes after that bomb went off, a second bomber drove into the …

  • 15 September

    Heinrich Himmler encourages his SS group leaders

    Heinrich Himmler encourages his SS group leaders

    On this day in 1943, the Reichsfuhrer-SS, Heinrich Himmler, addresses the squad leaders of his Nazi secret police, attempting to fill them with pride for the work they’ve accomplished-the murder of more than 1 million Jews in German-occupied Russia during a one-and-a-half-year period. “Most of you know what it means …

  • 15 September

    East and West Germany reunite after 45 years

    East and West Germany reunite after 45 years

    Less than one year after the destruction of the Berlin Wall, East and West Germany come together on what is known as “Unity Day.” Since 1945, when Soviet forces occupied eastern Germany, and the United States and other Allied forces occupied the western half of the nation at the close …

  • 15 September

    Pope opens Vatican II

    Pope opens Vatican II

    Pope John XXIII convenes an ecumenical council of the Roman Catholic Church—the first in 92 years. In summoning the ecumenical council—a general meeting of the bishops of the church—the pope hoped to bring spiritual rebirth to Catholicism and cultivate greater unity with the other branches of Christianity. Pope John reached …

  • 14 September

    Johnny Carson makes debut as Tonight Show host

    Johnny Carson makes debut as Tonight Show host

    On this day in 1962, Johnny Carson takes over from Jack Paar as host of the late-night talk program The Tonight Show. Carson went on to host The Tonight Show Starring Johnny Carson for three decades, becoming one of the biggest figures in entertainment in the 20th century. John William …

  • 14 September

    French poet Arthur Rimbaud is born

    French poet Arthur Rimbaud is born

    On this day, Arthur Rimbaud is born in Charleville, France. His father, an army officer, deserted the family when Rimbaud was six. Rimbaud was a brilliant student, and his first poem was published in a French review when he was 16. The following year, he rebelled and ran away to …

  • 14 September

    Palestinians hijack German airliner

    Palestinians hijack German airliner

    Four Palestinians hijack a Lufthansa airliner and demand the release of 11 imprisoned members of Germany’s Baader-Meinhof terrorist group, also known as the Red Army Faction. The Red Army Faction was a group of ultra-left revolutionaries who terrorized Germany for three decades, assassinating more than 30 corporate, military, and government …