On today, Missouri Indian trader William Becknell arrives in Santa Fe, New Mexico, sells his goods at an huge profit, and makes plans to come back another year on the route which will turn into named the Santa Fe Trail.
Pure luck made Becknell the original businessman to regenerate the American trade with Santa Fe. Fearing American domination of the region, the Spanish had closed their Southwest holdings to foreigners following a Pike expedition a lot more when compared to a decade earlier. They threw the few traders who violated the policy into prison and confiscated their goods. However, Becknell along with other merchants continued to trade with the Indians on the American-controlled eastern slope of the southern Rockies. While on this expedition in nov 1821, Becknell encountered a troop of Mexican soldiers. They informed Becknell they had lately won their independence in a war with Spain, and the region was once again available to American traders. Becknell instantly sped to Santa Fe, where he discovered a lucrative market for his goods, and his saddlebags have already been heavy with Mexican silver when he returned to his base in Franklin, Missouri.
The next summer Becknell traveled to Santa Fe once again, this right time with three wagonloads of goods. Instead of following old route that passed greater than a dangerous higher pass, nevertheless, Becknell blazed a shorter and simpler cutoff over the Cimarron Desert. Thus, while significantly of the route he followed have been employed by Mexican traders for many years, Becknell’s part in reopening the trail and installation of the brief-reduce earned him the title of “Father of the Santa Fe Trail.” It became a definite of the very most crucial and lucrative of the Old West trading routes merchants along with other travelers continued to adhere to the trail blazed by Becknell before arrival of trains in the late 1870s.