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Federal Republic of Germany is established

Federal Republic of Germany is established

The Federal Republic of Germany (popularly referred to as West Germany) is formally established as another and independent nation. This action marked the successful end to any discussion of reuniting East and West Germany.

In the time following World War II, Germany was split into 4 occupation zones, with the British, French, Americans, and Soviets every controlling one zone. The city of Berlin was also divided in a like fashion. This arrangement was said to be temporary, but as Cold War animosities began to harden, it became increasingly evident that the division between the communist and non-communist controlled parts of Germany and Berlin would become permanent. In May 1946, the United States halted reparation payments from West Germany to the Soviet Union. In December, the United States and Great Britain combined their occupation zones into what had become defined as Bizonia. France decided to turn into section of this arrangement, and in May 1949, the 3 zones became 1.

On May 23, the West German Parliamentary Council met and formally declared the establishment of the Federal Republic of Germany. Although Konrad Adenauer, the president of the council and future president of West Germany, proclaimed proudly, “Today a new Germany arises,” the occasion had not been a festive a definite. Many of the German representatives at the meeting have been subdued, for that they had harbored the faint hope that Germany could be reunified. Two communist members of the council refused to sign the proclamation establishing the brand new state.

The Soviets reacted quickly to the action in West Germany. In October 1949, the German Democratic Republic (East Germany) was officially announced. These actions in 1949 marked the finish of any talk about a reunified Germany. For the next 41 years, East and West Germany served as symbols of the divided globe, and of the Cold War animosities between your Soviet Union and the United States. In 1990, with Soviet strength ebbing and the Communist Party in East Germany steadily losing its grip on power, East and West Germany have been finally reunited as you nation.

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Source: History