May

List historic world events in May

September, 2016

  • 29 September

    Tsunami hits Hawaii

    Tsunami hits Hawaii

    A tsunami caused by an earthquake off the coast of Chile travels across the Pacific Ocean and kills 61 people in Hilo, Hawaii, on this day in 1960. The massive 8.5-magnitude quake had killed thousands in Chile the previous day. The earthquake, involving a severe plate shift, caused a large …

  • 29 September

    State of Israel proclaimed

    State of Israel proclaimed

    On May 14, 1948, in Tel Aviv, Jewish Agency Chairman David Ben-Gurion proclaims the State of Israel, establishing the first Jewish state in 2,000 years. In an afternoon ceremony at the Tel Aviv Art Museum, Ben-Gurion pronounced the words “We hereby proclaim the establishment of the Jewish state in Palestine, …

  • 28 September

    Hudson’s Bay Company chartered

    Hudson’s Bay Company chartered

    King Charles II of England grants a permanent charter to the Hudson’s Bay Company, made up of the group of French explorers who opened the lucrative North American fur trade to London merchants. The charter conferred on them not only a trading monopoly but also effective control over the vast …

  • 27 September

    International Congress of Women adopts resolutions

    International Congress of Women adopts resolutions

    On this day in 1915 in The Hague, Netherlands, the International Congress of Women adopts its resolutions on peace and women’s suffrage. The congress, also referred to as the Women’s Peace Conference, was the result of an invitation by a Dutch women’s suffrage organization to women’s rights activists around the …

  • 27 September

    Ford factory workers get 40-hour week

    Ford factory workers get 40-hour week

    On this day in 1926, Ford Motor Company becomes one of the first companies in America to adopt a five-day, 40-hour week for workers in its automotive factories. The policy would be extended to Ford’s office workers the following August.  Henry Ford’s Detroit-based automobile company had broken ground in its …

  • 26 September

    Second Continental Congress assembles as Ticonderoga falls

    Second Continental Congress assembles as Ticonderoga falls

    On this day in 1775, Ethan Allen and Benedict Arnold lead a successful attack on Fort Ticonderoga in upstate New York, while the Second Continental Congress assembles in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. The Congress faced the task of conducting a war already in progress. Fighting had begun with the Battle of Lexington …

  • 26 September

    Henry Plummer is elected sheriff of Bannack, Montana

    Henry Plummer is elected sheriff of Bannack, Montana

    The good citizens of Bannack, Montana, elect Henry Plummer as their new sheriff, not realizing he is a hardened outlaw who will use his office to rob and murder them. Born and reared in Maine, Plummer went west in 1852 and settled in the California gold mining town of Nevada …

  • 25 September

    Auschwitz gets a new doctor: “the Angel of Death”

    Auschwitz gets a new doctor: “the Angel of Death”

    On this day in 1943, the extermination camp at Auschwitz, Poland, receives a new doctor, 32-year-old Josef Mengele, a man who will earn the nickname “the Angel of Death.” Born March 16, 1911, in Bavaria, Mengele studied philosophy under Alfred Rosenberg, whose racial theories highly influenced him. In 1934, already …

  • 25 September

    Mary Wells gives Motown Records its first #1 hit with “My Guy”

    Mary Wells gives Motown Records its first #1 hit with “My Guy”

    In 1959, Berry Gordy started his first record label, Tamla Records, running it out of a house he purchased at 2648 West Grand Blvd. in Detroit, Michigan—a location better known as Hitsville, USA. Over the next three years, Tamla made its headquarters live up to its name, turning out a …

  • 25 September

    Great Emigration departs for Oregon

    Great Emigration departs for Oregon

    A massive wagon train, made up of 1,000 settlers and 1,000 head of cattle, sets off down the Oregon Trail from Independence, Missouri. Known as the “Great Emigration,” the expedition came two years after the first modest party of settlers made the long, overland journey to Oregon. After leaving Independence, …