The U.S. Supreme Court without doubt its selection on Sanford v. Dred Scott, an incident that intensified national divisions on the situation of slavery.
In 1834, Dred Scott, a slave, have been taken up to Illinois, a free state totally, and Wisconsin territory, where in fact the Missouri Compromise of 1820 prohibited slavery. Scott lived in Wisconsin along with his master, Dr. John Emerson, for several years ahead of time for Missouri, a slave state. In 1846, following Emerson died, Scott sued his master’s widow for his freedom on the lands he had lived as a resident of a free of charge of charge state and territory. He won his suit in a reduce court, however the Missouri supreme court reversed the decision. Scott appealed the choice, so when his new master, J.F.A. Sanford, was a resident of New York, a federal court made a decision to hear the entire case based on the diversity of state citizenship represented. After a federal district court decided against Scott, the entire case came on interest the U.S. Supreme Court, that was divided along slavery and antislavery lines even though the Southern justices had many.
During the trial, the antislavery justices used the case to guard the constitutionality of the Missouri Compromise, which have been repealed by the Kansas-Nebraska Act of 1854. The Southern majority responded by ruling on March 6, 1857, that the Missouri Compromise was unconstitutional and that Congress had no energy to prohibit slavery in the territories. Three of the Southern justices also held that African Americans who’ve been slaves or whose ancestors were slaves have been not eligible for the rights of a federal citizen and for that reason had no standing in court. These rulings all confirmed that, in the view of the nation’s highest court, under no condition did Dred Scott have the legal correct to request his freedom. The Supreme Court’s verdict additional inflamed the irrepressible variations in America a lot more than the problem of slavery, which in 1861 erupted with the outbreak of the American Civil War.