Historic World Events / March (page 3)

March

List historic world events in March

September, 2016

  • 20 September

    Mussolini founds the Fascist party

    Mussolini founds the Fascist party

    Benito Mussolini, an Italian World War I veteran and publisher of Socialist newspapers, breaks with the Italian Socialists and establishes the nationalist Fasci di Combattimento, named after the Italian peasant revolutionaries, or “Fighting Bands,” from the 19th century. Commonly known as the Fascist Party, Mussolini’s new right-wing organization advocated Italian …

  • 20 September

    McCarthy charges that Owen Lattimore is a Soviet spy

    McCarthy charges that Owen Lattimore is a Soviet spy

    During a radio broadcast dealing with a Senate investigation into communists in the U.S. Department of State, news is leaked that Senator Joseph McCarthy has charged Professor Owen Lattimore with being a top spy for the Soviet Union. Lattimore soon became a central figure in the Red Scare hysteria created …

  • 19 September

    Kennedy proposes Alliance for Progress

    Kennedy proposes Alliance for Progress

    President John F. Kennedy proposes a 10-year, multibillion-dollar aid program for Latin America. The program came to be known as the Alliance for Progress and was designed to improve U.S. relations with Latin America, which had been severely damaged in recent years. When Kennedy became president in 1961, U.S. relations …

  • 19 September

    Gandhi leads civil disobedience

    Gandhi leads civil disobedience

    On March 12, 1930, Indian independence leader Mohandas Gandhi begins a defiant march to the sea in protest of the British monopoly on salt, his boldest act of civil disobedience yet against British rule in India. Britain’s Salt Acts prohibited Indians from collecting or selling salt, a staple in the …

  • 18 September

    W.C. Handy—the “Father of the Blues”—dies

    W.C. Handy—the “Father of the Blues”—dies

    “With all their differences, my forebears had one thing in common: if they had any musical talent, it remained buried.” So wrote William Christopher Handy in his autobiography in discussing the absence of music in his home life as a child. Born in northern Alabama in 1873, Handy was raised …

  • 18 September

    Exxon Valdez runs aground

    Exxon Valdez runs aground

    One of the worst oil spills in U.S. territory begins when the supertanker Exxon Valdez, owned and operated by the Exxon Corporation, runs aground on a reef in Prince William Sound in southern Alaska. An estimated 11 million gallons of oil eventually spilled into the water. Attempts to contain the …

  • 18 September

    Truman orders loyalty checks of federal employees

    Truman orders loyalty checks of federal employees

    In response to public fears and Congressional investigations into communism in the United States, President Harry S. Truman issues an executive decree establishing a sweeping loyalty investigation of federal employees. As the Cold War began to develop after World War II, fears concerning communist activity in the United States, particularly …

  • 17 September

    Poet Louis Simpson born

    Poet Louis Simpson born

    On this day in 1923, Pulitzer Prize-winning poet Louis Simpson is born in Jamaica, West Indies. Simpson, of Scottish and Russian descent, was the son of a lawyer. He emigrated to the U.S. at the age of 17 and began studying at Columbia University in New York City. However, World …

  • 17 September

    Johnson announces bombing halt

    Johnson announces bombing halt

    In a televised speech to the nation, President Lyndon B. Johnson announces a partial halt of bombing missions over North Vietnam and proposes peace talks. He said he had ordered “unilaterally” a halt to air and naval bombardments of North Vietnam “except in the area north of the Demilitarized Zone, …

  • 16 September

    Reactor overheats at Three Mile Island

    Reactor overheats at Three Mile Island

    The most serious nuclear accident in United States history takes place at the Three Mile Island plant near Harrisburg, Pennsylvania, on this day in 1979, when one of the reactors overheats. Fortunately, a catastrophic meltdown was averted and there were no deaths or direct injuries from the accident. The Three …