Historic World Events / March / American forces occupy Dorchester Heights
American forces occupy Dorchester Heights

American forces occupy Dorchester Heights

Under the cover of continuous bombing from American artillery, Brigadier General John Thomas slips 2,000 troops, cannons and artillery into position at Dorchester Heights, just south of Boston, with this day in 1776. Under orders from General George Washington, Thomas and his troops worked through the evening digging trenches, positioning cannons and completing their occupation of Dorchester Heights.
The cannon that made Thomas’ efforts feasible have been these taken by Lieutenant Colonel Benedict Arnold and Ethan Allen along with his Green Mountain Boys at Fort Ticonderoga on May 10, 1775. Colonel Henry Knox then brought the cannon and powder to Boston through the wintertime snow with time for Washington and Thomas to hire them in the engagement at Dorchester Heights.

By muffling their wagon-wheels with straw, the Patriots have already been in a position to move their cannon unnoticed. Washington would utilize this exact same solution to evade British General Charles Cornwallis following the Battle of Trenton.

At daybreak, British General William Howe received word of the American position overlooking the town. Within days, General Howe found notice that the American position created Boston indefensible and soon ordered the evacuation of most British troops from the town the British sailed for Halifax, Nova Scotia, on March 27. Howe and his troops remained in Canada till they traveled to meet up Washington in the conflict a lot more than New York in August.

In 1898, a Georgian white marble revival tower was commissioned for the web site of the battle to memorialize the Patriot victory at Dorchester Heights. The memorial tower has been listed on the National Register of Historic Places due to the fact 1966. In 1978, it joined eight other websites in the Boston National Historic Park below the purview of the National Park Service.

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Source: History