Historic World Events / June / Truman orders U.S. forces to Korea
Truman orders U.S. forces to Korea

Truman orders U.S. forces to Korea

On June 27, 1950, President Harry S. Truman announces he is ordering U.S. air and naval forces to South Korea to assist the democratic nation in repulsing an invasion by communist North Korea. The United States was undertaking the major military operation, he explained, to enforce a United Nations resolution calling for a finish to hostilities, also to stem the spread of communism in Asia. In addition to ordering U.S. forces to Korea, Truman also deployed the U.S. 7th Fleet to Formosa (Taiwan) to protect against invasion by communist China and ordered an acceleration of military aid to French forces fighting communist guerrillas in Vietnam.

At the Yalta Conference towards the finish of World War II, the United States, the USSR, and Great Britain decided to divide Korea into two separate occupation zones. The country was split across the 38th parallel, with Soviet forces occupying the northern zone and Americans stationed in the south. In 1947, the United States and Great Britain needed free elections throughout Korea, however the Soviets refused to comply. In May 1948 the Korean Democratic People’s Republic-a communist state-was proclaimed in North Korea. In August, the democratic Republic of Korea was established in South Korea. By 1949, both United States and the USSR had withdrawn nearly all their troops from the Korean Peninsula.

At dawn on June 25, 1950 (June 24 in the United States and Europe), 90,000 communist troops of the North Korean People’s Army invaded South Korea over the 38th parallel, catching the Republic of Korea’s forces completely off guard and throwing them right into a hasty southern retreat. On the afternoon of June 25, the U.N. Security Council met within an emergency session and approved a U.S. resolution calling for an “immediate cessation of hostilities” and the withdrawal of North Korean forces to the 38th parallel. At enough time, the USSR was boycotting the Security Council on the U.N.’s refusal to admit the People’s Republic of China therefore missed its possiblity to veto this along with other crucial U.N. resolutions.

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On June 27, President Truman announced to the country and the planet that America would intervene in the Korean conflict to be able to avoid the conquest of an unbiased nation by communism. Truman was suggesting that the USSR was behind the North Korean invasion, and actually the Soviets had given tacit approval to the invasion, that was completed with Soviet-made tanks and weapons. Despite worries that U.S. intervention in Korea might trigger open warfare between your United States and Russia after years of “cold war,” Truman’s decision was met with overwhelming approval from Congress and the U.S. public. Truman didn’t require a declaration of war, but Congress voted to increase the draft and authorized Truman to contact reservists.

On June 28, the Security Council met again and in the continued lack of the Soviet Union passed a U.S. resolution approving the usage of force against North Korea. On June 30, Truman decided to send U.S. ground forces to Korea, and on July 7 the Security Council recommended that U.N. forces delivered to Korea be placed under U.S. command. The following day, General Douglas MacArthur was named commander of most U.N. forces in Korea.

In the opening months of the war, the U.S.-led U.N. forces rapidly advanced contrary to the North Koreans, but Chinese communist troops entered the fray in October, throwing the Allies right into a hasty retreat. In April 1951, Truman relieved MacArthur of his command after he publicly threatened to bomb China in defiance of Truman’s stated war policy. Truman feared an escalation of fighting with China would draw the Soviet Union in to the Korean War.

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By May 1951, the communists were pushed back again to the 38th parallel, and the battle line remained for the reason that vicinity for the rest of the pugilative war. On July 27, 1953, after 2 yrs of negotiation, an armistice was signed, ending the war and reestablishing the 1945 division of Korea that still exists today. Approximately 150,000 troops from South Korea, the United States, and participating U.N. nations were killed in the Korean War, so when many as you million South Korean civilians perished. An estimated 800,000 communist soldiers were killed, and much more than 200,000 North Korean civilians died.

The original figure of American troops lost-54,246 killed-became controversial once the Pentagon acknowledged in 2000 that U.S. troops killed all over the world over the Korean War were incorporated into that number. For example, any American soldier killed in a vehicle accident all over the world from June 1950 to July 1953 was considered a casualty of the Korean War. If these deaths are subtracted from the 54,000 total, leaving just the Americans who died (from whatever cause) in the Korean theater of operations, the full total U.S. dead in the Korean War numbers 36,516.

Source: History