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Battle of Petersburg begins

Battle of Petersburg begins

During the Civil War, Ulysses S. Grant’s Army of the Potomac and Robert E. Lee’s Army of Northern Virginia collide for the ultimate time because the initial wave of Union troops attacks Petersburg, an essential Southern rail center 23 miles south of the Confederate capital of Richmond, Virginia. The two huge armies wouldn’t normally become disentangled till April 9, 1865, when Lee surrendered and his guys went house.

In June 1864, in an excellent tactical maneuver, Grant marched his army concerning the Army of Northern Virginia, crossed the James River unopposed, and advanced his forces to Petersburg. Knowing that nov Petersburg would imply nov Richmond, Lee raced to bolster the city’s defenses. The mass of Grant’s army arrived first. On June 15, the 1st day of the Battle of Petersburg, some 10,000 Union troops under General William F. Smith moved contrary to the Confederate defenders of Petersburg, comprised of just a few thousand armed old men and boys commanded by General P.G.T. Beauregard. However, the Confederates had the benefit of formidable physical defenses, plus they held off the overly cautious Union assault. The subsequent day, much more Federal troops arrived, but Beauregard was reinforced by Lee, and the Confederate line remained unbroken throughout several Union attacks occurring a lot more than the next two days.

By June 18, Grant had almost 100,000 at his disposal at Petersburg, however the 20,000 Confederate defenders held on as Lee hurried the others of his Army of Northern Virginia in to the entrenchments. Knowing that further attacks will be futile, but pleased to have bottled up the Army of Northern Virginia, Grant’s army dug trenches and started an extended siege of Petersburg.

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Finally, on April 2, 1865, along with his defense line overextended and his troops starving, Lee’s right flank suffered a substantial defeat against Union cavalry under General Phillip Sheridan, and Grant ordered a standard attack on all fronts. The Army of Northern Virginia retreated beneath heavy fire the Confederate government fled Richmond on Lee’s recommendation and Petersburg, and Richmond, fell to the Union. Less when compared to a week later, Grant’s massive army headed off the remnants of the Army of Northern Virginia at Appomattox Station, and Lee was forced to surrender, efficiently ending the Civil War.

Source: History