In a ceremony held at the Pentagon in Arlington, Virginia, General Dwight D. Eisenhower appoints Florence Blanchfield to become a lieutenant colonel in the U.S. Army, making her the initial woman in U.S. history to carry permanent military rank.
An associate of the Army Nurse Corps considering that 1917, Blanchfield secured her commission following passing of the Army-Navy Nurse Act of 1947 by Congress. Blanchfield had served as superintendent of the Army Nurse Corps throughout World War II and was instrumental in securing passing of the Army-Navy Nurse Act, that was advocated by Representative Frances Payne Bolton. In 1951, Blanchfield received the Florence Nightingale Award from the International Red Cross. In 1978, a U.S. Army hospital in Fort Campbell, Kentucky, was named in her honor.