During the Great Depression, President Herbert Hoover orders the U.S. Army below General Douglas MacArthur to evict by force the Bonus Marchers from the nation’s capital.
Two months ahead of, the so-referred to as “Bonus Expeditionary Force,” several some 1,000 World War I veterans looking for cash payments because of their veterans’ bonus certificates, had found its way to Washington, D.C. Most of the marchers have already been unemployed veterans in desperate economic straits. In June, other veteran groups produced their solution to the nation’s capital spontaneously, swelling the Bonus Marchers to nearly 20,000 robust. Camping in vacant government buildings and in open fields created available by District of Columbia Police Chief Pelham D. Glassford, they demanded passing of the veterans’ payment bill introduced by Representative Wright Patman.
While awaiting a vote on the issue, the veterans conducted themselves within an peaceful and orderly fashion, and on June 15 the Patman bill passed in the House of Representatives. However, two days later, its defeat in the Senate infuriated the marchers, who refused to come back house. In an extremely tense scenario, the government provided money for the protesters’ trip property, but 2,000 refused the give you and continued to protest. On July 28, President Herbert Hoover ordered the army to evict them forcibly. General MacArthur’s men set their camps burning, and the veterans were driven from the populous city. Hoover, increasingly thought to be insensitive to certain requirements of the nation’s a whole large amount of poor, was considerably criticized by the general public and press for the severe nature of his response.