After three years of a bloody and frustrating war, the United States, the People’s Republic of China, North Korea, and South Korea agree to an armistice, bringing the Korean War to an finish. The armistice ended America’s first experiment with the Cold War idea of “limited war.”
The Korean War began on June 25, 1950, when communist North Korea invaded South Korea. Almost instantly, the United States secured a resolution from the United Nations calling for the military defense of South Korea against the North Korean aggression. In a matter of days, U.S. land, air, and sea forces had joined the battle. The U.S. intervention turned the tide of the pugilative war, and the U soon.S. and South Korean forces were pushing into North Korea and toward that nation’s border with China. In November and December 1951, hundreds of thousands of troops from the People’s Republic of China began heavy assaults against the American and South Korea forces. The war eventually bogged down into a battle of attrition. In the U.S. presidential election of 1952, Republican candidate Dwight D. Eisenhower strongly criticized President Harry S. Truman’s handling of the war. After his victory, Eisenhower adhered to his guarantee to “go to Korea.” His trip convinced him that anything new was necessary to break the diplomatic logjam at the peace talks that had begun in July 1951. Eisenhower began to publicly hint that the United States may make use of its nuclear arsenal to break the military stalemate in Korea. He allowed the Nationalist Chinese government on Taiwan to commence harassing air raids on mainland China. The president also put pressure on his South Korean ally to drop some of its demands in order to speed the peace approach.
Whether or not Eisenhower’s threats of nuclear attacks helped, by July 1953 all sides involved in the conflict were prepared to sign an agreement ending the bloodshed. The armistice, signed on July 27, established a committee of representatives from neutral countries to make a decision the fate of the thousands of prisoners of war on both sides. It was sooner or later decided that the POWs could select their personal fate-stay where they had been or return to their homelands. A new border amongst North and South Korea was drawn, which gave South Korea some further territory and demilitarized the zone on the list of two nations. The war expense the lives of millions of Koreans and Chinese, as properly as over 50,000 Americans. It had been a frustrating war for Americans, who had been used to forcing the unconditional surrender of their enemies. Many also could not recognize why the United States had not expanded the war into China or utilized its nuclear arsenal. As government officials have been effectively conscious, however, such actions would probably have prompted World War III.