Born in Haimanale, judetul Prahova, Romania February 13, 1852
Died: June 09, 1912
Ion Luca Caragiale was a Wallachian-born Romanian playwright, brief story writer, poet, theater manager, political commentator and journalist. Leaving behind an important cultural legacy, he is considered one of the greatest playwrights in Romanian language and literature, as well as one of its most important writers and a leading representative of local humor. Alongside Mihai Eminescu, Ioan Slavici and Ion Creanga, he is seen as one of the main representatives of Junimea, an influential literary society with which he nonetheless parted during the second half of his life.
His work, spanning four decades, covers the ground between Neoclassicism, Realism, and Naturalism, building on an original synthesis of foreign and local influences.
Although few in number, Caragiale’s plays constitute the most accomplished expression of Romanian theater, as well as being important venues for criticism of late 19th century Romanian society.
They include the comedies A Stormy Night, Conu Leonida faţă cu reacţiunea, O Scrisoare Pierduta Comedie in patru acte, and the tragedy Năpasta. In addition to these, Caragiale authored the melodrama O soacră, a large number of essays, articles, short stories, novellas and sketch stories, as well as occasional works of poetry and autobiographical texts such as Din carnetul unui vechi sufleur. In many cases, his creations were first published in one of several magazines he edited – Claponul, Moftul Român, Vatra and Epoca. Most of his prose works have been published under the title Momente, schite, povestiri: they include Căldură mare, Cănuţă om sucit, Două loturi, Grand Hotel “Victoria română”, as well as several pieces referring to stock personas such as Mache and Lache, Marius Chicoş Mitică and Rostogan. In a few of his later fiction writings, including La hanul lui Mânjoală, Kir Ianulea, Abu-Hasan, Pastramă trufanda and Calul dracului, Caragiale used the dream genre or considered historical fiction.
Ion Luca Caragiale was thinking about the politics of the Romanian Kingdom, and oscillated between your liberal current and conservatism. The majority of his satirical works focus on the liberal republicans and the Country wide Liberals, evidencing both his respect for his or her rivals at Junimea and his contacts with the literary critic Titu Maiorescu. He arrived to clash with Country wide Liberal market leaders such as Dimitrie Bogdan and Sturdza Petriceicu Hasdeu, and was a lifelong adversary of the Symbolist poet Alexandru Macedonski. As a complete consequence of these issues, the most prominent of Caragiale’s critics barred his usage of the social establishment for a number of decades. Through the 1890s, Caragiale rallied with the radical motion of George Panu, before associating with the Traditional Party. After having decided to settle in Berlin, he came to voice strong criticism for Romanian politicians of all colors in the wake of the 1907 Romanian Peasants’ Revolt, and ultimately joined the Conservative-Democratic Party.
Ion Luca was the nephew of Costache and Iorgu Caragiale, who were major figures of mid-19th-century Romanian theater. His sons Mateiu I. Caragiale and Luca I. Caragiale were both modernist writers.