Following Britain’s bloodless Glorious Revolution, Mary, the daughter of the deposed king, and William of Orange, her husband, are proclaimed joint sovereigns of Great Britain under Britain’s new Bill of Rights.
William, a Dutch prince, married Mary, the daughter into the future King James II, in 1677. After James’ succession to the English throne in 1685, the Protestant William kept in close speak to with the opposition to the Catholic king. After the birth of an heir to James in 1688, seven high-ranking members of Parliament invited William and Mary to England. William landed at Torbay in Devonshire having an army of 15,000 males and sophisticated to London, meeting no opposition from James’ army, which had deserted the king. James himself was permitted to escape to France, and in February 1689 Parliament provided the crown jointly to William and Mary, supplied they accept the Bill of Rights.
The Bill of Rights, which restricted royal power and broadened constitutional law drastically, granted Parliament control of finances and the army and prescribed the near future type of royal succession, declaring that no Roman Catholic would ever be sovereign of England. The document also stated that Englishmen possessed certain inviolable civil and political rights, a political proven fact that was a primary influence in the composition of the U.S. Bill of Rights, composed exactly a hundred years later nearly.
The Glorious Revolution, the ascension of William and Mary, and the acceptance of the Bill of Rights have already been decisive victories for Parliament in its lengthy struggle contrary to the crown.