Ann Lee, the founder of the United Society of Believers in Christ’s Second Appearing, a Christian sect popularly known as the Shakers, comes into the world in Manchester, England.
In 1770, “Mother” Ann broke from the Quakers to determine her very own religious movement dependent on celibacy, sexual equality, energetic worship, pacifism, and a communal economy. The Shakers derived initially from the little branch of radical English Quakers-known because the “Shaking Quakers”-who had adopted the French Camisards’ ritual practices of shaking, shouting, dancing, whirling, and singing in tongues. In 1774, Lee led her flock to the New World. By the mid-19th century, some 17,000 Shakers lived in the United States. Today, the Shakers are greatest identified because of their basic yet masterfully made furnishings and architecture. There are just several living Shakers, in Sabbathday Lake, Maine.