On today in 2002, former Yugoslav president Slobodan Milosevic continues on trial at The Hague, Netherlands, on charges of genocide and war crimes in Bosnia, Croatia and Kosovo. Milosevic served as their own attorney for a number of the prolonged trial, which ended with no a verdict once the so-known as “Butcher of the Balkans” was found dead at age 64 from an apparent coronary attack in his prison cell on March 11, 2006.
Yugoslavia, comprising Croatia, Montenegro, Slovenia, Serbia, Bosnia-Herzegovina and Macedonia, became a federal republic, headed by Communist leader Marshal Tito, on January 31, 1946. Tito died in May 1980 and Yugoslavia, alongside communism, crumbled a lot more than another decade.
Milosevic, born August 20, 1941, joined the Communist Party at age 18 he became president of Serbia in 1989. On June 25, 1991, Croatia and Slovenia declared their independence from Yugoslavia and Milosevic sent tanks to the Slovenian border, sparking a brief war that ended in Slovenia’s secession. In Croatia, fighting broke out between Croats and ethnic Serbs and Serbia sent weapons and medical supplies to the Serbian rebels in Croatia. Croatian forces clashed with the Serb-led Yugoslav army troops and their Serb supporters. An estimated 10,000 people have been killed and a huge selection of Croatian towns have been destroyed in front of you U.N. cease-fire was established in January 1992. In March, Bosnia-Herzegovina declared its independence, and Milosevic funded the next Bosnian Serb rebellion, beginning a war that killed around 200,000 people, of a U ahead.S.-brokered peace agreement was reached at Dayton, Ohio, in 1995.
In Kosovo, a formerly autonomous province of Serbia, liberation forces clashed with Serbs and the Yugoslav army was submitted. Amidst reports that Milosevic had launched an ethnic cleansing campaign against Kosovo’s ethnic Albanians, NATO forces launched air strikes against Yugoslavia in 1999.
Ineligible to perform for a third term as Serbian president, Milosevic had produced himself president of Yugoslavia in 1997. After losing the presidential election in September 2000, month he refused to simply accept defeat till mass protests forced him to resign the next. He was charged with corruption and abuse of power and finally surrendered to Serbian authorities on April 1, 2001, immediately after a 26-hour standoff. That June, he was extradited to the Netherlands and indicted by way of a United Nations war crimes tribunal. Milosevic died in his cell of a coronary attack ahead of his trial could possibly be completed.
In February 2003, Serbia and Montenegro became a commonwealth and officially dropped the name Yugoslavia. In June 2006, both nations declared their independence out of every single other.