Historic World Events / August (page 10)

August

List historic world events in August

August, 2016

  • 26 August

    Truman orders Navy to seize control of petroleum refineries

    Truman orders Navy to seize control of petroleum refineries

    On this day in 1945, President Harry Truman issues Executive Order No. 9639, giving the Secretary of the Navy the power to seize control of and operate a list of petroleum refineries and transportation companies in order to counteract strikes by oil workers. The list of plants seized by the …

  • 24 August

    The seeds of the United Nations are planted

    The seeds of the United Nations are planted

    On this day in 1944, representatives from the United States, Great Britain, the Soviet Union, and China meet in the Dumbarton Oaks estate at Georgetown, Washington, D.C., to formulate the formal principles of an organization that will provide collective security on a worldwide basis—an organization that will become the United …

  • 24 August

    The Battle of Britain escalates

    The Battle of Britain escalates

    On this day in 1940, German aircraft begin the bombing of southern England, and the Battle of Britain, which will last until October 31, escalates. The Germans called it “the Day of the Eagle,” the first day of the Luftwaffe’s campaign to destroy the RAF, the British Royal Air Force, …

  • 23 August

    Benjamin Harrison is born

    Benjamin Harrison is born

    On this day in 1833, future President Benjamin Harrison is born in North Bend, Ohio. Politics had long been the Harrison family business. At the time of his birth, Harrison’s father was serving Ohio in the United States House of Representatives, while his grandfather, William Henry Harrison, was serving as …

  • 23 August

    Washington refuses Howe’s letter

    Washington refuses Howe’s letter

    On this day in 1776, General George Washington gives the New York Convention three reasons for the American retreat from Long Island. That same day, he rejects British General William Howe’s second letter of reconciliation. With Howe and a superior British force having recently landed at Long Island–they handed the …

  • 23 August

    Emiliano Zapata born

    Emiliano Zapata born

    Emiliano Zapata, a leader of peasants and indigenous people during the Mexican revolution, is born in Anenecuilco, Mexico. Born a peasant, Zapata was forced into the Mexican army in 1908 following his attempt to recover village lands taken over by a rancher. After the revolution began in 1910, he raised …

  • 23 August

    Unusual succession makes Ford president

    Unusual succession makes Ford president

    In accordance with his statement of resignation the previous evening, Richard M. Nixon officially ends his term as the 37th president of the United States at noon. Before departing with his family in a helicopter from the White House lawn, he smiled farewell and enigmatically raised his arms in a …

  • 23 August

    Mahalia Jackson, the Queen of Gospel, puts her stamp on the March on Washington

    Mahalia Jackson, the Queen of Gospel, puts her stamp on the March on Washington

    If the legendary gospel vocalist Mahalia Jackson had been somewhere other than the National Mall in Washington, D.C., on this day in 1963, her place in history would still have been assured purely on the basis of her musical legacy. But it is almost impossible to imagine Mahalia Jackson having …

  • 22 August

    MTV makes its maiden broadcast

    MTV makes its maiden broadcast

    “If advertisers make the video disco channel a success, the implications for cable television and the recording industry could be far reaching,” wrote a New York Times business columnist in the summer of 1981 about the upcoming premiere of a new cable television network dedicated exclusively to popular music. This …

  • 22 August

    A free concert by Garth Brooks draws the last “six-figure crowd” to New York City’s Central Park

    A free concert by Garth Brooks draws the last “six-figure crowd” to New York City’s Central Park

    In 1979, folk-pop icon James Taylor became the first major popular-music figure to draw a crowd numbering in the hundreds of thousands to a free concert in New York City’s Central Park. On August 7, 1997, country-music giant Garth Brooks became the last. The reason for the abrupt end to …