In February 1789, all 69 presidential electors unanimously chose Washington to function as initial U.S. president. In March, the brand new U.S. constitution took impact, and in April Congress formally sent word to Washington he had won the presidency. He borrowed money to invest off his debts in Virginia and traveled to New York. On April 30, he found the Hudson River in a specially constructed and decorated barge. The inaugural ceremony was performed on the balcony of Federal Hall on Wall Street, and a large crowd cheered immediately after the oath was taken by him of workplace. The president then retired indoors to review Congress his inaugural address, a quiet speech where he spoke of “the experiment entrusted to the hands of the American people.” The evening celebration was opened and closed by 13 skyrockets and 13 cannons.
As president, Washington sought to unite the country and safeguard the interests of the brand new republic in the home and abroad. Of his presidency, he mentioned, “I walk on untrodden ground. There is scarcely any part of my conduct which may not hereafter be drawn in precedent.” He successfully implemented executive authority, created excellent usage of brilliant politicians such as for example Alexander Hamilton and Thomas Jefferson in his cabinet, and quieted fears of presidential tyranny. In 1792, he was re-elected but four years later refused a third term unanimously. In 1797, he ultimately began a extended-awaited retirement at his estate in Virginia. He died 2 yrs later. His friend Henry Lee offered a renowned eulogy for the daddy of the United States: “First in war, first in peace, and first in the hearts of his countrymen.”