U.S. President Franklin Delano Roosevelt dies of a cerebral hemorrhage in his home at Warm Springs, Georgia, with this day in 1945. The only man to be elected to four terms as president of the United States, Roosevelt is remembered-by friends and enemies alike-for his New Deal social policies and his leadership during wartime.
Roosevelt was elected to a third term in 1940 with the guarantee of sustaining American neutrality so far as foreign wars have already been concerned: “Let no man or woman thoughtlessly or falsely talk of American people sending its armies to European fields.” But as Hitler’s war spread, and the desperation of Britain grew, the president fought for passage in Congress of the Lend-Lease Act, in March 1941,which committed economic help Great Britain along with other allies. In August, Roosevelt met with British Prime Minister Winston Churchill to proclaim the Atlantic Charter, which may turn into the foundation of the United Nations in addition they drafted a statement to the result that the United States “would be compelled to take countermeasures” should Japan further encroach in the southwest Pacific.
Despite ongoing negotiations with Japan, that “further encroachment” took the proper execution of the Japanese bombing of Pearl Harbor, “–a day that would live in infamy.” The following day Roosevelt requested, and received, a declaration of war against Japan. On December 11, Germany and Italy declared war on the United States.
Certain wartime choices by Roosevelt proved controversial, like the demand of unconditional surrender of the Axis powers, which some claim prolonged the pugilative war. Another was the acquiescence to Joseph Stalin of certain territories in the Far East in trade for his assist in the war against Japan. Roosevelt is normally accused to become aswell naïve where Stalin was concerned, specially when it comes to “Uncle Joe’s” own imperial desires.