Historic World Events / April (page 30)

April

List historic world events in April

May, 2016

  • 30 May

    NATO pact signed

    NATO pact signed

    The United States and 11 other nations establish the North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO), a mutual defense pact aimed at containing possible Soviet aggression against Western Europe. NATO stood as the main U.S.-led military alliance against the Soviet Union throughout the duration of the Cold War. Relations between the United …

  • 29 May

    International Military Tribunal indicts Hideki

    International Military Tribunal indicts Hideki

    Also on this day in 1946, Tojo Hideki, wartime premier of Japan, is indicted by the International Military Tribunal for the Far East of war crimes. In September 1945, he tried to commit suicide by shooting himself but was saved by an American physician who gave him a transfusion of …

  • 29 May

    Dorothy Parker resigns as drama critic for The New Yorker

    Dorothy Parker resigns as drama critic for The New Yorker

    The witty and caustic Dorothy Parker resigns her job as drama critic for The New Yorker. However, she continues to write book reviews until 1933, which are published in 1971 as A Month of Saturdays. The funny, sophisticated Parker symbolized the Roaring Twenties in New York for many readers. Parker …

  • 29 May

    Confederate General Lee surrenders

    Confederate General Lee surrenders

    Confederate General Robert E. Lee surrenders his army to Union General Ulysses S. Grant at Appomattox Court House, Virginia. For more than a week, Lee had tried to outrun Grant to the west of Richmond and Petersburg in Virginia. After a ten-month siege of the two cities, the Union forces …

  • 29 May

    Loretta Lynn is born

    Loretta Lynn is born

    Loretta Lynn, a singer who greatly expanded the opportunities for women in the male-dominated world of country-western music, is born in Butcher’s Hollow, Kentucky. Unlike some country-western stars that sang about a rural working class life but lived an urban middle class existence, Loretta Lynn’s country roots were unquestionably authentic. …

  • 29 May

    Ella Fitzgerald is born

    Ella Fitzgerald is born

    On April 25, 1917, jazz legend Ella Fitzgerald is born in Newport News, Virginia. She was called “The First Lady of Song,” an honor whose meaning is captured in a compliment paid to her by the great composer Ira Gershwin: “I never knew how good our songs were until I …

  • 29 May

    Fire threatens Massachusetts oil refineries

    Fire threatens Massachusetts oil refineries

    A fire in Chelsea, Massachusetts, leaves 12 dead, 85 missing and presumed dead and more than 17,000 homeless on this day in 1908. The fire nearly spread to nearby Boston and its large Standard Oil refinery, but was stopped just in time. Chelsea is a suburb of Boston, located on …

  • 28 May

    New sound process for films announced

    New sound process for films announced

    On this day in 1926, Western Electric, the manufacturing arm of the American Telephone & Telegraph Company (AT&T), and the Warner Brothers film studio officially introduce Vitaphone, a new process that will enable the addition of sound to film. By the mid-1920s, several competing systems had been developed to add …

  • 28 May

    Bruno Hauptmann executed

    Bruno Hauptmann executed

    Richard Bruno Hauptmann, convicted in the 1932 kidnapping and murder of the 20-month-old son of Charles A. Lindbergh, is executed by electrocution. On March 1, 1932, Charles Lindbergh Jr., the son of the famous American aviator who made the first solo, nonstop transatlantic flight in 1927, was kidnapped from the …

  • 28 May

    Legendary movie critic Roger Ebert dies

    Legendary movie critic Roger Ebert dies

    On this day in 2013, one of America’s best-known and most influential movie critics, Roger Ebert, who reviewed movies for The Chicago Sun-Times for 46 years and on TV for 31 years, dies at age 70 after a battling cancer. In 1975, Ebert started co-hosting a movie review program on …