Historic World Events / April (page 10)

April

List historic world events in April

August, 2016

  • 21 August

    Yamamoto Isoroku, Japan’s mastermind of the Pearl Harbor attack, is born

    Yamamoto Isoroku, Japan’s mastermind of the Pearl Harbor attack, is born

    Yamamoto Isoroku, perhaps Japan’s greatest strategist and the officer who would contrive the surprise air attack on U.S. naval forces at Pearl Harbor, is born on this day in 1884. A graduate of the Japanese naval academy in 1904, Yamamoto worked as a naval attaché for the Japanese embassy in …

  • 20 August

    Daniel Day-Lewis born

    Daniel Day-Lewis born

    The actor Daniel Day-Lewis, famous for his intense Method acting and chameleon-like ability to disappear into character, is born on this day in 1957, in London, England. Day-Lewis’ father, Cecil Day-Lewis, was a British poet laureate; his mother, Jill Balcon, was an actress and a daughter of the film producer …

  • 20 August

    Executions resume in California

    Executions resume in California

    Robert Alton Harris is executed in California’s gas chamber after 13 years on death row. This was California’s first execution since former Chief Justice Rose Bird and two other state supreme court justices, Joseph Grodin and Cruz Reynoso, had been rejected by California voters. From 1979 to 1986, the Bird …

  • 19 August

    Bessie Smith is born in Chattanooga, Tennessee

    Bessie Smith is born in Chattanooga, Tennessee

    Despite the immense influence her records had on the shape and course of American popular music in the 20th century, the recorded legacy of Bessie Smith only captures part of her historical significance. Yes, her first recording, “Downhearted Blues” (1923) sold a then-astonishing 800,000 copies, and her subsequent Columbia Records …

  • 19 August

    Molly Brown avoids sinking with the Titanic

    Molly Brown avoids sinking with the Titanic

    A 20th century version of the strong and resourceful women of the Wild West, Molly Brown wins lasting fame by surviving the sinking of the Titanic. Molly Brown was an unlikely candidate for fame and fortune. Born Margaret Tobin in 1867 in Hannibal, Missouri, she was the daughter of an …

  • 18 August

    High school freshman Little Peggy March earns a #1 hit with “I Will Follow Him”

    High school freshman Little Peggy March earns a #1 hit with “I Will Follow Him”

    On April 27, 1963, Margaret Annemarie Battavio’s very first single, “I Will Follow Him,” reached #1 on the U.S. pop charts. With her 15th birthday only six weeks behind her, and three more years of high school ahead of her, the singer better known as Little Peggy March became the …

  • 18 August

    The Rwandan genocide

    The Rwandan genocide

    Rwandan armed forces kill 10 Belgian peacekeeping officers in a successful effort to discourage international intervention in their genocide that had begun only hours earlier. In less than three months, Hutu extremists who controlled Rwanda murdered an estimated 800,000 innocent civilian Tutsis in the worst episode of genocide since World …

  • 16 August

    General Henri Giraud makes his great escape

    General Henri Giraud makes his great escape

    On this day in 1942, French General Henri Giraud, who was captured in 1940, escapes from a castle prison at Konigstein by lowering himself down the castle wall and jumping on board a moving train, which takes him to the French border. Hitler, outraged, ordered Giraud’s assassination upon being caught, …

  • 16 August

    Truman signs Foreign Assistance Act

    Truman signs Foreign Assistance Act

    President Harry S. Truman signs off on legislation establishing the Foreign Assistance Act of 1948, more popularly known as the Marshall Plan. The act eventually provided over $12 billion of assistance to aid in the economic recovery of Western Europe. In the first years following the end of World War …

  • 16 August

    Robinson Crusoe is published

    Robinson Crusoe is published

    Daniel Defoe’s fictional work The Life and Strange Adventures of Robinson Crusoe is published. The book, about a shipwrecked sailor who spends 28 years on a deserted island, is based on the experiences of shipwreck victims and of Alexander Selkirk, a Scottish sailor who spent four years on a small …