On April 19, 1897, John J. McDermott of New York won the 1stBoston Marathonwith a time of2:55:10.
The Boston Marathon was the brainchild of Boston Athletic Association member and inaugural U.S. Olympic group manager John Graham, who was simply inspired by the marathon at the first modern Olympic Games in Athens in 1896. With assistance from Boston businessman Herbert H. Holton, different routes have already been considered, in front of you measured distance of 24.5 miles from the Irvington Oval in Boston to Metcalf’s Mill in Ashland was eventually selected.
Fifteen runners began the race but only 10 managed to get to the final line. John J. McDermott, representing the Pastime Athletic Club of New York City, took the lead from Harvard athlete Dick Grant a lot more than the hills in Newton. Although he walked many times during the final miles, McDermott won by way of a comfy six-minute still, fifty-two-seconds. McDermott had won the only other marathon on U.S. soil the sooner October in New York.
The marathon’s distance was changed in 1908 in accordance with Olympic requirements to its current length of 26 miles 385 yards.
The Boston Marathon was originally held on Patriot’s Day, April 19, a regional vacation that commemorates the beginning of the Revolutionary War. In years when the 19th fell on a Sunday, the race was held the following Monday. In 1969, Patriots Day was officially moved to the third Monday in April and the race has been held on that Monday ever given that.
Women have been not allowed to enterthe Boston race officiallyuntil 1972, but Roberta “Bobbi” Gibb couldn’t wait: In 1966, she became the first woman to run the whole Boston Marathon, but had to cover up in the bushes close to the start till the race began. In 1967, Kathrine Switzer, who had registered as “K. V. Switzer”, was the 1st lady to run with a race number. Switzer finished even although officials tried to physically take away her from the race following she was recognized as a woman.
In the fall of 1971, the Amateur Athletics Union permitted its sanctioned marathons (such as Boston) to allowfemale entry. Nina Kuscsik became the initial official female participant to win the Boston Marathon in 1972. Seven other ladies started and completed that race.
In 1975, the Boston Marathon became the initial main marathon to contain a wheelchair division competition. Bob Hall won it in two hours, 58 minutes.