Alexander Dubcek, the communist leader who launched an easy system of liberal reforms in Czechoslovakia, is forced to resign as initial secretary by the Soviet forces occupying his nation. The staunchly pro-Soviet Gustav Husak was appointed Czechoslovak leader in his spot, reestablishing an authoritarian communist dictatorship in the Soviet satellite state.
The trend toward liberalization in Czechoslovakia were only available in 1963, and in 1968 reached its apex immediately after Dubcek replaced Antonin Novotny as 1st secretary of the celebration. He introduced a number of far-reaching political and economic reforms, which include improved freedom of speech and an finish to convey censorship. Dubcek’s work to determine “communism with a human face” was celebrated in the united states and the short time of freedom became defined as the “Prague Spring.”
On August 20, 1968, the Soviet Union answered Dubcek’s reforms with the invasion of Czechoslovakia by 600,000 Warsaw Pact troops. Prague had not been eager to cave in, but scattered student resistance was no match for Soviet tanks. Dubcek’s reforms were repealed, and the first choice was replaced with the staunchly pro-Soviet Gustav Husak, who reestablished an authoritarian communist regime in the country.
In 1989, as communist governments folded across Eastern Europe, Prague again became the scene of demonstrations for democratic reforms. In December 1989, Husak’s government conceded to demands for a multiparty parliament. Husak resigned, and for the original time in 2 decades Dubcek returned to politics as chairman of the brand new parliament, which subsequently elected playwright Vaclav Havel as president of Czechoslovakia. Havel had arrived at fame throughout the Prague Spring, and immediately after the Soviet crackdown his plays have been banned and his passport confiscated.